JTTRI International Seminar on Railway and Area Development in Thailand

  • Railway

Supported by 日本財団 THE NIPPON FOUNDATION

Organizer Japan Transport and Tourism Research Institute (JTTRI) 
Sponsorship Ministry of Land, Infrastructure,Transport and Tourism (MLIT-Japan)
Embassy of Japan in Thailand
Japan International Cooperation Agency (JICA)
Ministry of Transport(MOT)
Date / Time Tue, Jan 14,2020 9:00~12:05
Venue Ballroom A 7F, The Westin Grande Sukhumvit, Bangkok
Theme Railway and Area Development in Thailand
Lecturer Opening Remarks:
 Masafumi Shukuri, Chairman, Japan Transport and Tourism Research Institute (JTTRI)

Honorable Guest Remarks 1:
Sorapong Paitoonphong, Director-General of the Department of Rail Transport, MOT Thailand
Yasuhiro Okanishi, Director-General for International Affairs, MLIT, Japan
Noboru Sekiguchi, Minister, Chief of the Economic Section, Embassy of Japan in Thailand

Keynote Speech: "Transit Oriented Urban Development in Asian Cities"
 Shigeru Morichi, Director of Policy Research Center, National Graduate Institute for Policy Studies (GRIPS) and JTTRI Advisor for Research

Presentation:"Railway and Area Development"
 Masai Muto, Senior Research Fellow, Japan Transport and Tourism Research Institute (JTTRI)

Panel Discussion:
Moderator:
 Naohiko Hibino, Associate Professor, National Graduate Institute for Policy Studies(GRIPS)
Panelists:
 Sorapong Paitoonphong, Director-General of the Department of Rail Transport, MOT Thailand 
 Shigeru Morichi, Director of Policy Research Center, GRIPS and JTTRI Advisor for Research
 Atsushi Fukuda, Professor, Department of Transportation Systems Engineering, College of Science and Technology, Nihon University

Honorable Guest Remarks 2:
Arkhom Termpittayapaisith, Former Minister of Transport, the Kingdom of Thailand

Closing Remarks:
 Tetsuya Okuda, Executive Director,Japan Transport and Tourism Research Institute (JTTRI)

Event Summary


 In metropolises of ASEAN countries which are confronted with various problems such as road congestion and environmental pollution, railway development projects have been moving forward. In Bangkok, the Orange Line and other Mass Rapid Transit Lines are also moving forward.
 For sustainable railway development, it is effective to comprehensively consider railway development and development of areas along the railways and Japan has a lot of knowledge and experience of such railway and area development.
In this seminar, knowledges and experiences of railway and area development in Japan and the latest worldwide information in these topics were shared, and measures for solving the aforementioned problems were considered through a panel discussion.
 In the opening of this seminar, after a welcoming given by Chairman Masashi Shukuri of JTTRI, Sorapong Paitoonphong, Chairman of the Ministry of Transport, Ministry of Transport, Yasuhiro Okanishi, Director-General for International Affairs,  Ministry of Land, Infrastructure, Transport and Tourism, and Noboru Sekiguchi, Minister, Embassy of Thailand in Japan, gave honorable greetings.
 In the first half, Dr. Shigeru Morichi, Director of Policy Research Center, National Graduate Institute for Policy Studies, gave a keynote speech, and Dr. Masai Muto reported on his research. 
 In the latter half, a panel discussion was held, with Sorapong Paitoonphong, Director of Railways, Ministry of Transport of Thailand, Shigeru Morichi, Director of Policy Research Center, National Graduate Institute for Policy Studies, Atsushi Fukuda, Professor, Department of Transportation Systems Engineering, Faculty of Science and Engineering, Nihon University, as panelists, and Naohiko Hibino, Associate Professor, National Graduate Institute for Policy Studies as a moderator.  They discussed issues and prospects for the railway and area development in Bangkok.
 At the end of the seminar, the former Minister of Transport, Arkhom Termpittayapaisit, Thailand, gave an honorable guest remark to sum up the seminar.

Program of the seminar is as the following

Opening Remarks
Masafumi Shukuri<br>Chairman, Japan Transport and Tourism Research Institute (JTTRI)

Masafumi Shukuri
Chairman, Japan Transport and Tourism Research Institute (JTTRI)


Remarks

bio

Honorable Guest Remarks
Sorapong Paitoonphong<br>Director-General of the Department of Rail Transport, MOT Thailand

Sorapong Paitoonphong
Director-General of the Department of Rail Transport, MOT Thailand


Remarks

bio

Honorable Guest Remarks
Yasuhiro Okanishi<br>Director-General for International Affairs, MLIT, Japan

Yasuhiro Okanishi
Director-General for International Affairs, MLIT, Japan


Remarks

bio

Honorable Guest Remarks
Noboru Sekiguchi<br>Minister, Chief of the Economic Section, Embassy of Japan in Thailand

Noboru Sekiguchi
Minister, Chief of the Economic Section, Embassy of Japan in Thailand


Remarks

bio

Keynote Speech
Shigeru Morichi<br>Director of Policy Research Center, National Graduate Institute for Policy Studies (GRIPS)<br>Advisor for Research, Japan Transport and Tourism Research Institute (JTTRI)

Shigeru Morichi
Director of Policy Research Center, National Graduate Institute for Policy Studies (GRIPS)
Advisor for Research, Japan Transport and Tourism Research Institute (JTTRI)


Keynote Speech:
Transit Oriented Urban Development in Asian Cities
file( English)
file(Thai)

bio

Presentation
Masai Muto<br>Senior Research Fellow, Japan Transport and Tourism Research Institute (JTTRI)

Masai Muto
Senior Research Fellow, Japan Transport and Tourism Research Institute (JTTRI)


Presentation:
Railway and Area Development
file( English)
file(Thai)

bio

Panel Discussion

Moderator
Naohiko Hibino<br>Associate Professor, National Graduate Institute for Policy Studies(GRIPS)

Naohiko Hibino
Associate Professor, National Graduate Institute for Policy Studies(GRIPS)

bio

Panelists
Sorapong Paitoonphong<br>Director-General of the Department of Rail Transport, MOT Thailand

Sorapong Paitoonphong
Director-General of the Department of Rail Transport, MOT Thailand


file 1
file 2

bio

Panelists
Shigeru Morichi<br>Director of Policy Research Center, National Graduate Institute for Policy Studies (GRIPS)<br>Advisor for Research, Japan Transport and Tourism Research Institute (JTTRI)

Shigeru Morichi
Director of Policy Research Center, National Graduate Institute for Policy Studies (GRIPS)
Advisor for Research, Japan Transport and Tourism Research Institute (JTTRI)

bio

Panelists
Atsushi Fukuda<br>Professor, Department of Transportation Systems Engineering, College of Science and Technology, Nihon University

Atsushi Fukuda
Professor, Department of Transportation Systems Engineering, College of Science and Technology, Nihon University

bio

Honorable Guest Remarks
Arkhom Termpittayapaisith<br>Former Minister of Transport, the Kingdom of Thailand

Arkhom Termpittayapaisith
Former Minister of Transport, the Kingdom of Thailand


Remarks

bio

Closing Remarks
Tetsuya Okuda<br>Executive Director,Japan Transport and Tourism Research Institute (JTTRI)

Tetsuya Okuda
Executive Director,Japan Transport and Tourism Research Institute (JTTRI)


Remarks

bio

MC
Tuenjai Fukuda<br>Secretary-General, ATRANS(Asian Transportation Research Society)

Tuenjai Fukuda
Secretary-General, ATRANS(Asian Transportation Research Society)

bio

Outline of the seminar

 Director Morichi explained why the TOD is necessary in the metropolises in Asia, the problem of incorporating the value capture into the financial resource of railway development, the importance of improving the accessibility to stations by  creating the densely network of urban railway, what to learn from the failures of PPP implementation in Asian railway projects.
 Next, Senior Research Fellow Muto described the issues involved in railway development in metropolises of ASEAN, good examples of TOD integrated railway and area development in Japan, and methods of development-based land value  capture in domestic and overseas for securing financial resources for railway development. He introduced and reported on the issues and the countermeasures for railway development in Bangkok.

【Highlights from Keynote Lecture by Director of Policy Research Center, National Graduate Institute for Policy Studies Morichi Shigeru】
 ・There are various types of value captures, such as taxes, bonds, fees, and urban redevelopment schemes, so the
  implementation of TOD has the potential to increase the values.

 ・In ASEAN countries, development along railway lines has been limited. The reason is the weakness of the TOD system. I’d like to recommend
  institutional reforms such as improvement of the urban planning system and a mechanism to form consensus with the residents.


【Highlights from Report by JTTRI Senior Research Fellow Masai Muto】
 ・In the TOD of Toukyu Den-en-toshi Line in Japan, residential area development along the railway line progressed, the number of railway passengers
  increased, and the land prices also rose. Behind this is the facts that Japan was in a period of high economic growth, and the railway company strongly
  promoted urban development plans through unified brand concepts.

 ・From the examples of land value capture such as beneficiary charge, the sale of air rights, etc., they have been proven to be an effective method to
  raise funding for the investment during the early stage of railway development.


【Highlights from Panel Discussion】
 Discussions were held on the issues and prospects of urban railway and area development in Bangkok.
 First, Mr. Sorapong introduced missions of the Department of Rail Transport, Ministry of Transport, which was established in April last year, and Professor Fukuda reported from his experience participating in the revision of the Metropolitan  Urban Railway Master Plan (M-MAP2). The concept of ''What kind of city planning will you create in Bangkok? '' was missing, and Director Morichi said that there is a parking lot at the railway station in Bangkok, however, there is no station  plaza etc. Each point was pointed out to promote TOD in Bangkok.
 Then, talking about the future prospects, Director Sorapong introduced the development plans of Bang Sue Station and Makkasan Station, and explained the TOD policy. Professor Fukuda pointed out the importance of railway demand forecasting in formulating a master plan. Director Morichi said that BRT and LRT have small transport capacities, and that metropolises in Asia should not introduce a transit system with the small capacity. And he explained about the concept of the fare setting.
 In addition, a question from the participant of the venue was discussed the expectations for the TOD for the Railway Bureau. Concluded the panel discussion with a moderator Associate Professor Hibino saying, "I wish for a successful TOD in Thailand."

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