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研究員   アンドレア オバーマウア
副研究員   神山 裕之

Comparison of the Deregulation Policy in Domestic Aviation and of Fare Levels in Germany and Japan
Researcher: Dr. Andrea OBERMAUER
Assistant Researcher: Mr. Hiroyuki KAMIYAMA




Due to political and economical necessities a deregulation process started in the Japanese and German domestic air transport markets that led to changes also in scheduled passenger transport. In Europe and in Japan, the development towards liberalization was also influenced by the American deregulation policy in the late 1970s. In Japan, the deregulation started to promote better competition conditions for Japanese airlines in international and domestic markets whereas the call for liberalization of air transport in Europe was part of the process to built a single market. The deregulation policy caused also several changes in the German domestic air transport market with new airlines' entries ending the market's monopolistic structure. The aim of the paper is to point out the differences in deregulation policy and its effects on the former regulated domestic air transport markets in Japan and Germany focusing on the fare development. In Europe, all airlines can set their fares freely, and since April 1997, they can offer their service in any domestic market of EU member-states without capacity limitations. In Japan, a zone fare system was adopted in 1996 allowing Japanese airlines to set passenger fares in a certain range freely, similar to the EU 2nd package of common air transport. Regarding the changes in market structure and passenger fare system, recent developments will be evaluated and future trends analyzed for both countries and suggestions win be given for a further deregulation.